Millions of people across the world experience visual disabilities. Many of these individuals depend on alternative methods to engage in certain activities that people with normal vision would do simply with their eyes. The use of assistive technologies like a screen reader is particularly popular among people with vision impairments. Screen readers basically allow them to experience websites and other digital content. It is the responsibility of the website designers to make their site accessible to the audience depending on screen readers.
AccessiBe technology uses ARIA [Accessible Rich Internet Applications] attributes and behavior adjustments to provide full context to screen readers. This helps blind users to navigate and browse websites accurately.
AccessiBe shares valuable insights about designing websites for screen reader accessibility
A screen reader is basically a type of computer software that converts digital text into tactile and/or audible form. It allows users to interact with computers, laptops, and other devices in a ‘non-visual’ manner. Screen readers are largely used by people who are blind or have low vision. Certain individuals who have cognitive limitations that prevent them from viewing media and text onscreen may also use screen readers. A number of modern screen readers are equipped with added functions that make it simpler for people with disabilities to navigate web pages and computer apps.
Owing to the high popularity and extensive use of screen readers, website designers need to consider screen reader accessibility when creating websites. This can be done by using AccessiBe resources and technologies. Web designers must always try to see to it that all visitors can access the same content and have an optimal experience on their website.
Screen readers basically use TML tags to understand the regions and content of the page. HTML tags also help them to grasp which elements of the page are available for the user to select. Therefore, the most efficient way to make web pages accessible for screen readers is to structure their HTML code with semantically rich tags.
A lot of sighted users skim page content visually. In a similar manner, users of screen readers can preview paragraphs and their headings to gauge whether their content is relevant to them or not. It would be a good practice to make the headings as descriptive as possible for their better understanding. Paragraphs should also be started in a manner that provides these users a basic understanding of the content to come.
The use of alt text in a website is extremely important for screen readers. The alternative text provides screen readers with a captioned alternative for media content. As the screen reader encounters a video, image, or some other piece of media, it shall read the alt text by default, if provided. In case of alt text is not provided, screen readers may entirely ignore the image or read the image file name instead. To make web pages accessible, one must add descriptive and clear alt text to every non-text content on the page. After implementing the measures mentioned in this article, it will be smart to test web pages with a screen reader to ensure that all the accessibility measures work efficiently.